What is Form N-600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship?
Form N-600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship, is an immigration form used by individuals who obtained U.S. citizenship through U.S. citizen parent(s) either at birth or before they turned 18 years of age.
This form is filed with USCIS to request the issuance of a Certificate of Citizenship.
Here are some key points regarding Form N-600:
- Eligibility: You may be eligible to file Form N-600 if you were born abroad and are claiming U.S. citizenship through your biological parent(s), who are U.S. citizen(s), or if you became a U.S. citizen after birth but before you turned 18 through the naturalization of your parent.
- Purpose: The purpose of this form is to request a Certificate of Citizenship, which serves as proof of your U.S. citizenship status.
- Documentation: The required documentation may include proof of parent’s U.S. citizenship and evidence of the parent-child relationship.
- Filing Fee: There is a $1,170 filing fee associated with Form N-600.
- Processing Time: It can take anywhere from 5 months to 24 months for your N-600 application to be processed by USCIS field office
- Filing Deadline: You can file Form N-600 before you turn 18 years of age
Who can file Form N-600?
The following categories of applicants are eligible to file Form N-600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship:
- Born Outside the U.S. to the U.S. Citizen Parent(s): If you were born outside the U.S. and all the following requirements are met at your birth:
- You are a child of U.S. citizen parent(s);
- Your U.S. citizen parent meets certain residence or physical presence requirements in the U.S. or an outlying possession before your birth, and
- You meet all other applicable requirements under either INA 301 or INA 309.
Citizenship laws have changed over the years, so you can see different eligibility requirements. Find out more about U.S. citizenship at birth on the USCIS website.
- Obtaining Citizenship Through Parents: If you were born outside the U.S., you automatically obtain U.S. citizenship when all of the following requirements have been met on or after February 27, 2001:
- You are a child of a parent who is a U.S. citizen by birth or through naturalization (including an adoptive parent);
- You are under 18 years of age;
- You are a lawful permanent resident (green card holder); and
- You are residing in the U.S. in the legal and physical custody of the U.S. citizen parent.
- Adoption by U.S. Citizens:
- If you were adopted by U.S. citizen parent(s), you may be eligible to file Form N-600 to obtain a Certificate of Citizenship.
Who cannot file Form N-600?
You cannot file Form N-600 if the following conditions apply to you:
- You do not have at least one biological or adoptive U.S. citizen parent;
- You are the child of U.S. citizen parents who regularly reside outside the U.S. Learn if you are eligible to file Form N-600K instead;
- You were born out-of-wedlock, were not legitimated before you turned 16 years of age, if you are claiming US citizenship through your U.S. citizen father. Note: If you were born outside the U.S. to a US citizen mother or your mother became a naturalized U.S. citizen before your 18th birthday, you might be eligible to file Form N-600;
- You want to replace a lost or stolen U.S. citizenship certificate. File Form N-565 to request a replacement;
- You filed Form N-600 in the past and it was denied.
How to file Form N-600 online
The process of filing Form N-600 online involves the following steps:
Step 1. Create an online USCIS account if you do not have one
Step 2. From the “My account” dropdown menu, choose “File a form online”. Choose “Form N-600”
Step 3. Carefully answer all of the questions and upload scanned copies of the documents requested.
Step 4. Review your answers, make sure to upload all the requested documents and submit the application. You will pay the filing fee online using a credit card.
Step 5. Download the Form N-600 receipt notice from “Your cases” – “Documents” – “USCIS Notices”. Hard copy notice will arrive by mail within a couple of weeks.
Step 6. Wait for USCIS processing: you can track the status of your case in your online account. If USCIS issues a Request for Evidence (RFE), you can upload your request to RFE directly to your online account.
Step 7. If approved, you will have access to approval notice in your online account. The Certificate of Citizenship will arrive by mail.
How to file Form N-600 by mail?
The process of filing Form N-600 by mail involves the following steps:
Step 1. Download the Form N-600:
- Obtain the latest edition of Form N-600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship, from the USCIS website.
- USCIS will reject any outdated editions of Form N-600
Step 2. Gather Supporting Documents:
- Collect all the necessary supporting documents (see the checklist below). Unless directed otherwise, submit only photocopies of the documents
Step 3. Complete the Form:
- Fill out the form accurately and completely. Sign and date the form in ink.
- USCIS does not accept computer-generated or stamped signatures
- Fill out and submit Form G-1145 to receive an electronic notification containing USCIS receipt number via text message or email
Step 4. Filing fee payment:
- Check the USCIS website for the most current filing fee.
- Acceptable forms of payment include: money order, personal check, cashier’s check or credit card payment (for credit card payments, fill out Form G-1450)
- If paying by check, the check must be payable to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Step 5. Mail the Application:
- Once the form is completed and the supporting documents are gathered, filing fee payment is included, mail the entire package to the correct filing address (“Where to File” section).
- It’s recommended to mail the application via express mail with a tracking number
Step 6. Check Application Status:
- USCIS will mail the receipt notice 2-3 weeks after the submission date
- You can track the status of your application online by entering the N-600 receipt number
Step 7. Wait for Processing:
- USCIS will process your application, and if additional information or document is needed, an RFE notice will be mailed to you. Once processed, you will receive a decision on your application by mail.
Form N-600 filing fee
The filing fee for Form N-600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship is $1,170.
USCIS fees are subject to change, check the latest Form N-600 filing fee on the USCIS website.
Form N-600 checklist of required documents
The following documents must be submitted with your Form N-600 application:
Examples of acceptable documents
|Completed and signed Form N-600
|Filing fee of $1,170
|U.S. passport-style photographs
|Parent’s birth certificate
|Parent’s marriage certificate
|Parent’s marriage termination documents
|Parent’s proof of U.S. citizenship
|Provide at least one of the following document confirming your parent’s U.S. citizenship status:
|Proof of legitimation
|Required ONLY if you were born out-of-wedlock to a U.S. citizen father:
|Proof of legal and physical custody
|Required ONLY if your US citizen parents divorced/separated, you were adopted or legitimated:
|Proof of child’s lawful permanent residence
|Required ONLY if you are claiming US citizenship after birth:
|Parent’s proof of physical residence/presence in the U.S.
|Final adoption decree
|Required ONLY if the child was adopted:
|Proof of legal name change
|If the child has changed name(s):
|ONLY if the primary evidence is unavailable:
Form N-600 processing time
Processing times of Form N-600 vary depending on several factors, including the workload at the specific USCIS field office processing the application and the complexity of the case:
|USCIS field office
|N-600 average processing time
|Charlotte Amalie VI
|Des Moines IA
|El Paso TX
|Fort Myers FL
|Fort Smith AR
|Kansas City MO
|Las Vegas NV
|Long Island NY
|Los Angeles CA
|Los Angeles County CA
|Minneapolis-St. Paul MN
|Mount Laurel NJ
|New Orleans LA
|New York City NY
|Oakland Park FL
|Oklahoma City OK
|Saint Louis MO
|Salt Lake City UT
|San Antonio TX
|San Bernardino CA
|San Diego CA
|San Fernando Valley CA
|San Francisco CA
|San Jose CA
|San Juan PR
|Santa Ana CA
|West Palm Beach FL
To check the most current processing times for Form N-600:
- Visit the USCIS website at https://egov.uscis.gov/processing-times
- Choose “Form N-600”
- Choose your USCIS field office. You can find your USCIS field office by entering your physical address ZIP code: https://www.uscis.gov/about-us/find-a-uscis-office/field-offices (scroll down to the bottom of page, “Field Office Locator”)
Keep in mind that processing times are general estimates, and individual cases may take less or more time to complete.
Additionally, USCIS may issue Requests for Evidence (RFEs) during the processing of your application, which can add to the overall processing time.
It’s crucial to respond promptly and thoroughly if you receive an RFE to avoid delays.
If your case is outside the normal processing time, you place an Outside Normal Processing Time e-Request or request assistance from your local congressman’s office.