Form I-864A Instructions

Form I-864A Instructions

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Who should file Form I-864A?

  • Form I-864A, officially titled the “Contract Between Sponsor and Household Member,” is a supplementary form to Form I-864
  • Form I-864A is filled out by sponsor’s household member who is willing to share the responsibility of financially sponsoring the intending immigrant
  • The primary sponsor, who completes Form I-864, is usually the petitioner (the U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident sponsoring the immigrant family member)
  • If the petitioner’s (sponsor’s) income alone is not sufficient to meet the income requirements, Form I-864A can be used to include the income and/or assets of the petitioner’s household member
  • If the petitioner’s income alone is sufficient to meet the income requirements, Form I-864A is not required

The following individuals are considered petitioner’s household members:

  • Spouse
  • Parent
  • Child
  • Adult son or daughter
  • Sibling (if residing together with the petitioner)
  • Any other individual who was claimed as petitioner’s dependent on petitioner’s most recent federal tax return

A household member must be at least 18 years of age to sign Form I-864A.

A separate Form I-864A must be completed by each household member whose income and/or assets are being used.

What is the difference between form I-864 and I-864A?

Forms I-864 and I-864A are related to the Affidavit of Support process in the context of U.S. immigration. 

Here are the key differences between the two forms:

Differences between Form I-864 and Form I-864A

Form I-864

Form I-864A

  • This is the primary Affidavit of Support form
  • It is completed by the “petitioner” (U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident who have filed Form I-130 for the intending immigrant)
  • Form I-864 is mandatory for all family-based immigration applications
  • Form I-864 is required for some employment-based applications
  • This is a supplementary form
  • This form is filed together with Form I-864 ONLY if the petitioner’s income does not meet the minimum income requirements
  • It is signed by a petitioner’s household member who is willing to share the responsibility of financially sponsoring the intending immigrant
  • A household member is agreeing to contribute their income and/or assets to meet the financial requirements

Who needs to file I-864?

  • Form I-864, officially known as the “Affidavit of Support Under Section 213A of the INA,” is required for all family-based immigration cases 
  • If a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident sponsors a family member for an immigrant visa or adjustment of status, Form I-864 is required
  • The purpose of the form is to demonstrate that the sponsor has the financial means to support the intending immigrant(s) and prevent them from becoming a public charge in the U.S.

Here are the situations where the filing of Form I-864 is required:

  • Family-sponsored immigrant visa applications:
      • When a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident sponsors a family member for an immigrant visa, Form I-864 is required
      • This applies to immediate relatives (spouses, unmarried children under 21, and parents) and other family preference categories
  • Adjustment of Status applications:
      • If the intending immigrant is already in the U.S. and is applying for Adjustment of Status (to become a lawful permanent resident), the sponsoring petitioner is required to submit Form I-864 as part of the supporting documentation
  • Certain employment-based cases:
    • In some employment-based immigration cases, when the sponsoring employer is a family member, they may be required to submit Form I-864 to ensure that the sponsored immigrant has adequate financial support.

Who does not need to file Form I-864?

The following intending immigrants are not required to file Form I-864:

  • Any intending immigrant who has earned or can receive credit for 40 qualifying quarters (credits) of work in the U.S.
  • Any intending immigrant who will, upon admission into the U.S., acquire U.S. citizenship under INA (Immigration and Nationality Act) section 320 
  • Self-petitioning widows or widowers who have an approved Form I-360
  • Self-petitioning battered spouses and children (Violence Against Women Act, VAWA) who have an approved Form I-360

The intending immigrants listed above, must submit Form I-864W, Intending Immigrant’s Affidavit of Support Exemption, instead of Form I-864.

Form I-864W, Request for Exemption for Intending Immigrant’s Affidavit of Support

What is the difference between a joint sponsor and I-864A?

Both a joint sponsor and Form I-864A are mechanisms to provide additional financial support for an intending immigrant in the U.S. immigration process:

Differences between a joint sponsor and household member (I-864A)

Joint sponsor

Household member

  • A joint sponsor is an individual who is willing to take on the financial responsibility of sponsoring the intending immigrant
  • This person is separate from the primary sponsor (petitioner) and is not necessarily a household member
  • Joint sponsor does not have to be related to petitioner or intending immigrant
  • Joint sponsor submits their own Form I-864, demonstrating that their income and assets meet the required financial threshold to support the intending immigrant
  • Joint sponsor’s financial resources are considered independently of the primary sponsor’s
  • Joint sponsorship is used when the primary sponsor’s income is insufficient to meet the financial requirements, and an additional source of support is needed
  • Joint sponsor must be a U.S. citizen or green card holder who is over 18 years of age
  • Form I-864A is used when a primary sponsor’s (petitioner’s) household member is contributing their income and/or assets to support the intending immigrant
  • I-864A is a contract between the primary sponsor and the household member, outlining their commitment to jointly support the intending immigrant
  • I-864A is not a standalone affidavit of support; it is filed in conjunction with the primary sponsor’s Form I-864
  • Household member is related to the petitioner 
  • Household member must be at least 18 years of age
  • Household member is not required to provide proof of their U.S. citizenship or permanent resident status (unlike joint sponsors)

What documents are required for I-864A?

The following documents are required for Form I-864A (submit photocopies only): 

Household member

Checklist of required documents

If the household member is the intending immigrant
  • Signed I-864A (only if you have accompanying dependents – spouse and unmarried children under 21)
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner (examples of acceptable documents: joint lease agreement, rent payments, letter from a landlord, affidavits from family members confirming joint residency, etc.) Proof of joint residency is not required if the intending immigrant is petitioner’s spouse
  • Proof that intending immigrant’s income will continue from lawful source after permanent residency is obtained (examples of acceptable documents: job offer or job contract that shows employment dates beyond green card approval date, a letter on business letterhead from employer stating that intending immigrant will be employed after obtaining permanent residency; if self-employed – proof of company’s ownership, company income and affidavit stating the intending immigrant’s self-employment status, plans to continue doing business after obtaining permanent residency and % of company ownership)
Spouse
  • Signed Form I-864A 
  • Spouse’s federal tax return or IRS tax transcript for the most recent year
  • Spouse’s all W-2 and/or 1099 form(s) for the most recent year
Parent
  • Signed Form I-864A
  • Proof of relationship between parent and petitioner (petitioner’s birth certificate listing the parent)
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner (examples of acceptable documents: joint lease agreement, rent payments, letter from a landlord, affidavits from family members confirming joint residency). 
  • Parent’s federal tax return or IRS tax transcript for the most recent year
  • Parent’s all W-2 and/or 1099 form(s) for the most recent year
Child
  • Signed Form I-864A
  • Proof of relationship between the child and petitioner (child’s birth certificate listing the petitioner as parent)
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner (examples of acceptable documents: joint lease agreement, rent payments, letter from a landlord, affidavits from family members confirming joint residency). 
  • Child’s federal tax return or IRS tax transcript for the most recent year
  • Child’s all W-2 and/or 1099 form(s) for the most recent year
Adult son or daughter
  • Signed Form I-864A
  • Proof of relationship between the adult son/daughter and petitioner (adult son’s or daughter’s birth certificate listing the petitioner as parent)
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner (examples of acceptable documents: joint lease agreement, rent payments, letter from a landlord, affidavits from family members confirming joint residency). 
  • Adult son’s or daughter’s federal tax return or IRS tax transcript for the most recent year
  • Adult son’s or daughter’s all W-2 and/or 1099 form(s) for the most recent year
Sibling
  • Signed Form I-864A
  • Proof of relationship between the sibling and petitioner (sibling’s and petitioner’s birth certificates listing at least one common parent)
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner (examples of acceptable documents: joint lease agreement, rent payments, letter from a landlord, affidavits from family members confirming joint residency). 
  • Sibling’s federal tax return or IRS tax transcript for the most recent year
  • Sibling’s all W-2 and/or 1099 form(s) for the most recent year
Any other individual who was claimed as petitioner’s dependent on petitioner’s most recent federal tax return
  • Signed Form I-864A
  • Individual’s all W-2 and/or 1099 form(s) for the most recent year (if applicable)

Does a spouse need to file I-864A because we file joint taxes?

  • If you are filing joint taxes with your spouse, and you or your spouse are submitting Form I-864 (Affidavit of Support) as the primary sponsor, it is not necessary for your spouse to file Form I-864A
  • However, you will need to provide your spouse’s W-2 and/or 1099 form(s) along with the jointly filed tax return

What is an example of proof of the relationship between sponsor and household member?

Examples of documents that can serve as proof of the relationship between the sponsor and the household member, who is completing Form I-864A:

Relationship of the household member to sponsor

Examples of acceptable documents 

If the household member is the intending immigrant Proof of joint residency is not required if the intending immigrant is the petitioner’s spouse.

For all other intending immigrants – Proof of joint residence with the petitioner:

  • Joint lease agreement
  • Rent payments
  • Letter from a landlord
  • Affidavits from family members confirming joint residency
Parent
  • Petitioner’s birth certificate listing the parent
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner:
    • Joint lease agreement
    • Rent payments for the joint residence
    • Letter from a landlord
    • Affidavits from family members confirming joint residency
Child
  • Child’s birth certificate listing the petitioner as parent
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner:
    • Joint lease agreement
    • Rent payments
    • Letter from a landlord
    • Affidavits from family members confirming joint residency
Adult son or daughter
  • Adult son’s or daughter’s birth certificate listing the petitioner as parent
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner:
    • Joint lease agreement
    • Rent payments
    • Letter from a landlord
    • Affidavits from family members confirming joint residency
Sibling
  • Sibling’s and petitioner’s birth certificates listing at least one common parent
  • Proof of joint residence with the petitioner:
    • Joint lease agreement
    • Rent payments
    • Letter from a landlord
    • Affidavits from family members confirming joint residency
English translation
  • If any of the supporting documents are in a foreign language, provide certified English translations
  • Attach the photocopy of the original document in foreign language

Does form I-864A need to be notarized?

  • Form I-864A, the “Contract Between Sponsor and Household Member,” does not require notarization
  • Household member must sign and date the form

How much is the fee for I-864A?

There is no filing fee to submit Form I-864A.

Form I-864A filing address

  • If the intending immigrant is in the US and applying for Adjustment of Status, Form I-864A must be filed together with Form I-485. See direct Form I-485 filing addresses
  • If the intending immigrant is outside the US and applying for an immigrant visa, Form I-864A must be uploaded online to the CEAC (Consular Electronic Application Center) account

Which tax documents should I submit with I-864?

The following tax documents must be submitted with Form I-864 (submit photocopies only):

Required document

Description

Proof of sponsor’s immigration status If sponsor is a U.S. citizen, provide at

least one of the following documents:

  • U.S. birth certificate (if born in the U.S.)
  • U.S. naturalization certificate (if obtained citizenship through naturalization)
  • U.S. citizenship certificate (if obtained citizenship through parents)
  • U.S. unexpired passport (biographic page)
  • Consular Report of Birth Abroad (if born outside the U.S. to US citizen parent)

If sponsor is a green card holder:

  • Green card (front and back); OR
  • Immigrant visa stamped by Customs and Border Patrol (CBP)
Federal Income Tax Return for the most recent tax year
  • Copy of the petitioner’s federal income tax return (provide all pages); OR
  • IRS Tax Return Transcript (can be obtained online)
W-2 form(s)
  • Every Form W-2 that relates to the most recent tax return
1099 form(s)
  • Every Form 1099 that relates to the most recent tax return
If married and filing jointly
  • Spouse’s every Form W-2 and/or 1099 form that relates to the most recent tax return
Employment letter or pay stubs
  • Employment verification letter (on business letterhead and must include annual pay (salary or hourly), total hours worked, occupation and hire date); OR
  • If letter of employment is not available, pay stubs for the last 12 months
If sponsor is self-employed or owns a business
  • A letter from CPA (certified public accountant) stating:
    • Sponsor’s annual income
    • Sponsor’s position in the company (owner, director, etc.)
    • Copy of the business license or other documentation showing ownership of the company
    • All federal tax return schedules (e.g., Schedule C), profit and loss schedules
Proof of assets (only if using assets to supplement income) ONLY if sponsor’s income does not meet the minimum requirements and assets are used to supplement income:

  • Proof of ownership of each listed asset
  • Value of each asset listed
  • Documentation of any liens or mortgages on each asset listed (if applicable)
  • If listing one or more vehicles, include proof of ownership of at least one additional vehicle beyond the vehicle(s) listed on Form I-864
Proof of domicile in the U.S. (only if requested by the National Visa Center) ONLY if the National Visa Center (NVC) requested to submit proof of sponsor’s U.S. domicile:

  • Voting records in the U.S. (local, State, or Federal elections)
  • Payment of U.S. state or local taxes
  • Ownership of property in the U.S.
  • Maintaining bank or investment accounts in the U.S. (provide monthly statements)
  • Employment records in the U.S. (employment contract, pay stubs, etc.)
  • Lease agreement for a U.S. residential address
  • Utility bills for a U.S. residential address
  • U.S. school records

How to fill out Form I-864A

You can find the line-by-line instructions on filling out Form I-864A here: 

How to fill out Form I-864A, Contract Between Sponsor and Household Member

What is the minimum income to sponsor an immigrant in 2024?

  • The minimum income required is set at 125% of the poverty level (see below)
  • The minimum income requirements can vary based on factors such as:
    • Sponsor’s household size
    • Number of dependents (spouse, children under 21, dependents claimed on most recent tax return)
    • State of sponsor’s residence
    • The current federal poverty guidelines
  • The income requirements for sponsors are updated annually 
  • If the sponsor is on active duty in the U.S. armed forces and is petitioning for a spouse or child, the minimum income required is set at 100% of the poverty level
  • If the sponsor’s income is insufficient, they can:
    • Use income of a co-sponsor (joint sponsor) who is willing to accept financial responsibility for the intending immigrant
    • Use income and/or assets of a household member (Form I-864A)
    • Use assets to supplement income

Poverty Guidelines for Affidavit of Support (2024)

If sponsor resides in 48 Contiguous States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands:

Sponsor’s Household Size

100% of HHS Poverty Guidelines*

125% of HHS Poverty Guidelines*

  For sponsors on active duty in the U.S. armed forces who are petitioning for their spouse or child For all other sponsors
2 $19,720 $24,650
3 $24,860 $31,075
4 $30,000 $37,500
5 $35,140 $43,925
6 $40,280 $50,350
7 $45,420 $56,775
8 $50,560 $63,200
  Add $5,140 for each additional person Add $6,425 for each additional person

If sponsor resides in Alaska:

Sponsor’s Household Size

100% of HHS Poverty Guidelines*

125% of HHS Poverty Guidelines*

  For sponsors on active duty in the U.S. armed forces who are petitioning for their spouse or child For all other sponsors
2 $24,640 $30,800
3 $31,070 $38,838
4 $37,500 $46,875
5 $43,930 $54,913
6 $50,360 $62,950
7 $56,790 $70,988
8 $63,220 $79,025
  Add $6,430 for each additional person Add $8,038 for each additional person

If sponsor resides in Hawaii:

Sponsor’s Household Size

100% of HHS Poverty Guidelines*

125% of HHS Poverty Guidelines*

  For sponsors on active duty in the U.S. armed forces who are petitioning for their spouse or child For all other sponsors
2 $22,680 $28,350
3 $28,590 $35,738
4 $34,500 $43,125
5 $40,410 $50,513
6 $46,320 $57,900
7 $52,230 $65,288
8 $58,140 $72,675
  Add $5,910 for each additional person Add $7,387 for each additional person

Related links:

Form I-864A, Contract Between Sponsor and Household Member

How to fill out Form I-864A, Contract Between Sponsor and Household Member